Landresources and topsoil layer are the most important components of biosphere and mankind's welfare depends on skill how to make the best use of them.
present 10.4 % of the total land area or 2.95 % of the total terrestrial globe
surface are cultivated.
As a whole, soil degradation takes place very intensive on arid lands occupying 6.1 billion hectares. These processes are most typical for Asia and Africa. According to available data the total area of arid land desertification accounts for 4.7 billion hectares. The territory subjected to anthropogenic desertification makes up 900 million hectares with annual increase by 6 million hectares (or 60,000 km?).
Land and Resources
The Philippines is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by the Sulu and Celebes seas, on the west by the South China Sea, and on the north by Luzon Strait. The Philippine Islands lie off the southeastern coast of the Asian mainland, across the South China Sea from Vietnam and China. The shortest distance to the mainland, from the northern Philippines to Hong Kong, is about 805 km (500 mi). The Philippine Islands extend about 1,850 km (1,150 mi) from north to south (between Taiwan and Borneo Island) and about 1,100 km (700 mi) from east to west. Malaysia and Indonesia, which each hold territory on Borneo, are the republics closest political neighbors.
The Philippines covers a total area, not including its extensive coastal waters, of 300,000 sq km (116,000 sq mi). More than 7,100 islands and islets are included in the Philippine archipelago. The 11 largest islands make up more than 90 percent of the total area. Only about 460 islands are larger than 2.6 sq km (1 sq mi), and about 1,000 are populated.
In the Philippines, almost 45% of its land area is composed of agricultural land area. This is the main source of raw materials and food that is needed for the production.
Philippines has a wide area of land allotted for agricultural purposes, a reason why there's a wide range of crops that can be planted. Of all these crops, palay or rice is the most widely planted. Even rice grows in almost every region of the country, Central Luzon is the producer of the greatest amount. And second to the rice is the corn.
Storms and other calamities greatly affects crops production. So, the amount of rice produced greatly depends on the weather.
Here are some products from our land resources: